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🍽️ acarbose,(prescription)

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  1. Control of Blood Glucose Levels: Acarbose works by inhibiting alpha-glucosidase enzymes in the small intestine. These enzymes are responsible for breaking down carbohydrates into simpler sugars (such as glucose) for absorption into the bloodstream. By inhibiting alpha-glucosidase, acarbose slows down the digestion and absorption of carbohydrates, thereby reducing the postprandial (after-meal) rise in blood glucose levels.

  2. Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Acarbose is primarily used as an adjunctive therapy in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus, particularly in individuals who have not achieved adequate glycemic control with diet, exercise, and other antidiabetic medications (such as metformin or sulfonylureas). It helps lower blood glucose levels after meals and improves overall glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes.

  3. Reduction of HbA1c Levels: By lowering postprandial glucose excursions, acarbose can contribute to a reduction in hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels, which reflects average blood glucose levels over a period of approximately 2-3 months. Lowering HbA1c levels is important for reducing the risk of long-term complications associated with diabetes, such as cardiovascular disease, neuropathy, nephropathy, and retinopathy.

  4. Slowing Carbohydrate Absorption: Acarbose delays the absorption of carbohydrates from the gastrointestinal tract, resulting in a slower and more gradual increase in blood glucose levels following meals. This effect helps prevent postprandial hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia, which are common in individuals with type 2 diabetes.

  5. Weight Neutrality: Unlike some other antidiabetic medications (such as sulfonylureas or thiazolidinediones), acarbose is weight-neutral and does not typically cause weight gain. This can be advantageous for individuals with type 2 diabetes who are concerned about weight management or obesity-related comorbidities.

  6. Gastrointestinal Side Effects: Common side effects of acarbose therapy may include flatulence, bloating, abdominal discomfort, diarrhea, and increased bowel movements. These gastrointestinal side effects are usually mild to moderate in severity and tend to diminish over time as the body adjusts to the medication. Patients are advised to start with a low dose of acarbose and gradually titrate the dosage to minimize gastrointestinal symptoms.

  7. Hypoglycemia Risk: Acarbose therapy is not associated with an increased risk of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) when used as monotherapy. However, hypoglycemia may occur if acarbose is used in combination with other antidiabetic medications that can cause hypoglycemia, such as insulin or sulfonylureas. Patients should be educated about the signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia and instructed to take appropriate measures to treat and prevent low blood sugar.

  8. Liver Function Monitoring: Acarbose is metabolized by the liver, and hepatic impairment may affect its metabolism and clearance from the body. Therefore, liver function tests may be recommended periodically during acarbose therapy, especially in patients with pre-existing liver disease or risk factors for hepatic dysfunction.

  9. Contraindications: Acarbose is contraindicated in individuals with known hypersensitivity to the drug or its components, as well as those with inflammatory bowel disease, intestinal obstruction, or chronic intestinal diseases associated with marked disorders of digestion or absorption. It should be used with caution in patients with renal impairment, since it is excreted primarily by the kidneys.

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Data Contradictions β€” Limits of Certainity

Impacted of acarbose,(prescription) On Probiotics

Rank Probiotic Impact
species Akkermansia muciniphila Reduces
species Bifidobacterium adolescentis Increases
species Bifidobacterium bifidum Increases
species Bifidobacterium breve Increases
species Bifidobacterium catenulatum Increases
species Bifidobacterium longum Increases
species Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum Increases
species Bifidobacterium pseudolongum Increases
species Escherichia coli Reduces
species Lactobacillus acidophilus Increases
species Lactobacillus crispatus Increases
species Lactobacillus gasseri Increases
species Lactobacillus helveticus Increases
species Lactobacillus jensenii Increases
species Lactobacillus johnsonii Increases
species Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens Increases
subspecies Bifidobacterium longum subsp. infantis Increases
subspecies Bifidobacterium longum subsp. longum Increases

Bacteria Impacted by acarbose,(prescription)

We extend modifiers to include items that changes the parent and child taxa. I.e. for a species, that would be the genus that is belongs to and the strains in the species.

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Taxonomy Rank Effect Citations Notation
Bacteroidaceae family Decreases 👪 Source Study
Bacteroidaceae family Decreases 👪 Source Study
Bifidobacteriaceae family Increases 👪 Source Study
Bifidobacteriaceae family Increases 👪 Source Study
Bifidobacteriaceae family Increases 👪 Source Study
Eubacteriaceae family Increases 👪 Source Study
Lactobacillaceae family Increases 👪 Source Study
Lactobacillaceae family Increases 👪 Source Study
Oscillospiraceae family Increases 👪 Source Study
Bacteroides genus Decreases 📓 Source Study
Bacteroides genus Decreases 📓 Source Study
Clostridium genus Decreases 👪 Source Study Pathogen
Agathobacter genus Decreases 👪 Source Study
Phocaeicola genus Decreases 👪 Source Study
Mediterraneibacter genus Decreases 👪 Source Study
Bacteroides genus Decreases 👪 Source Study
Roseburia genus Decreases 👪 Source Study
Coprococcus genus Decreases 👪 Source Study
Streptococcus genus Decreases 👪 Source Study
Fusobacterium genus Decreases 👪 Source Study Periodontal disease, Lemierre syndrome, skin ulcers
Escherichia genus Decreases 👪 Source Study
Ruminococcus genus Decreases 👪 Source Study
Bilophila genus Decreases 👪 Source Study High Level Cause Brain Fog(Cognitive impairment)
Segatella genus Decreases 👪 Source Study
Akkermansia genus Decreases 👪 Source Study
Parabacteroides genus Decreases 👪 Source Study BMI, fat percent,blood pressure
Bifidobacterium genus Increases 📓 Source Study
Bifidobacterium genus Increases 📓 Source Study
Bifidobacterium genus Increases 📓 Source Study
Eubacterium genus Increases 📓 Source Study
Faecalibacterium genus Increases 📓 Source Study
Lactobacillus genus Increases 📓 Source Study Pathogen
Lactobacillus genus Increases 📓 Source Study Pathogen
unclassified Robinsoniella no rank Decreases ⚗️ Source Study
unclassified Fusobacterium no rank Decreases ⚗️ Source Study
unclassified Negativicoccus no rank Decreases ⚗️ Source Study
environmental samples no rank Decreases 👶 Source Study
environmental samples no rank Decreases 👶 Source Study
unclassified Bacteroides no rank Decreases 👶 Source Study
unclassified Bacteroides no rank Decreases 👶 Source Study
Escherichia coli O80:H26 no rank Decreases 👶 Source Study
environmental samples no rank Increases 👶 Source Study
environmental samples no rank Increases 👶 Source Study
environmental samples no rank Increases 👶 Source Study
environmental samples no rank Increases 👶 Source Study
environmental samples no rank Increases 👶 Source Study
environmental samples no rank Increases 👶 Source Study
environmental samples no rank Increases 👶 Source Study
unclassified Bifidobacterium no rank Increases 👶 Source Study
unclassified Bifidobacterium no rank Increases 👶 Source Study
unclassified Bifidobacterium no rank Increases 👶 Source Study
unclassified Eubacterium (in: firmicutes) no rank Increases 👶 Source Study
unclassified Faecalibacterium no rank Increases 👶 Source Study
unclassified Lactobacillus no rank Increases 👶 Source Study
unclassified Lactobacillus no rank Increases 👶 Source Study
Eggerthellales order Decreases ⚗️ Source Study
Escherichia coli O145 serogroup Decreases 👶 Source Study
Escherichia coli O157 serogroup Decreases 👶 Source Study
Escherichia coli O26 serogroup Decreases 👶 Source Study
Escherichia coli O43 serogroup Decreases 👶 Source Study
Escherichia coli O1:H42 serotype Decreases 👶 Source Study
Escherichia coli O104:H4 serotype Decreases 👶 Source Study
Escherichia coli O121:H19 serotype Decreases 👶 Source Study
Escherichia coli O127:H6 serotype Decreases 👶 Source Study
Escherichia coli O139:H28 serotype Decreases 👶 Source Study
Escherichia coli O157:H7 serotype Decreases 👶 Source Study bloody diarrhea
Escherichia coli O44:H18 serotype Decreases 👶 Source Study
Escherichia coli O55:H7 serotype Decreases 👶 Source Study
Escherichia coli O6:H16 serotype Decreases 👶 Source Study
Escherichia coli O7:K1 serotype Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides xylanisolvens species Decreases 📓 Source Study
Clostridium perfringens species Decreases 📓 Source Study Food poisoning, gas gangrene
Agathobacter rectalis species Decreases 📓 Source Study
Phocaeicola vulgatus species Decreases 📓 Source Study
Bacteroides uniformis species Decreases 📓 Source Study Infectious bacteria
Bacteroides fragilis species Decreases 📓 Source Study H02076 Bacteroides infection
Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron species Decreases 📓 Source Study
Roseburia intestinalis species Decreases 📓 Source Study
[Ruminococcus] gnavus species Decreases 📓 Source Study
Roseburia hominis species Decreases 📓 Source Study
Coprococcus comes species Decreases 📓 Source Study
Escherichia coli species Decreases 📓 Source Study Diarrheal disease in children and travelers, Foodborne diarrhea outbreaks, hemorrhagic colitis, hemolytic-uremic syndrome
Streptococcus salivarius species Decreases 📓 Source Study Infectious bacteria
Fusobacterium nucleatum species Decreases 📓 Source Study Infectious bacteria
Escherichia coli species Decreases 📓 Source Study Diarrheal disease in children and travelers, Foodborne diarrhea outbreaks, hemorrhagic colitis, hemolytic-uremic syndrome
Ruminococcus bromii species Decreases 📓 Source Study
Bilophila wadsworthia species Decreases 📓 Source Study
Bacteroides ovatus species Decreases 📓 Source Study
Anaerofustis stercorihominis species Decreases ⚗️ Source Study
Asaccharospora irregularis species Decreases ⚗️ Source Study
Negativicoccus sp. S5-A15 species Decreases ⚗️ Source Study
Bacteroides acidifaciens species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides acidifaciens species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides caccae species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides caccae species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides caecigallinarum species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides caecigallinarum species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides caecimuri species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides caecimuri species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides caecimuris species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides caecimuris species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides cellulosilyticus species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides cellulosilyticus species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides chinchillae species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides chinchillae species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides clarus species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides clarus species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides coprosuis species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides coprosuis species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides cutis species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides cutis species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides denticanum species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides denticanum species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides eggerthii species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides eggerthii species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides faecalis species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides faecalis species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides faecichinchillae species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides faecichinchillae species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides faecis species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides faecis species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides faecium species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides faecium species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides finegoldii species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides finegoldii species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides fluxus species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides fluxus species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides fragilis species Decreases 👶 Source Study H02076 Bacteroides infection
Bacteroides fragilis species Decreases 👶 Source Study H02076 Bacteroides infection
Bacteroides galacturonicus species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides galacturonicus species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides gallinaceum species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides gallinaceum species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides gallinarum species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides gallinarum species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides graminisolvens species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides graminisolvens species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides helcogenes species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides helcogenes species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides heparinolyticus species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides heparinolyticus species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides humanifaecis species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides humanifaecis species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides ihuae species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides ihuae species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides intestinalis species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides intestinalis species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides koreensis species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides koreensis species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides kribbi species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides kribbi species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides luhongzhouii species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides luhongzhouii species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides luti species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides luti species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides mediterraneensis species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides mediterraneensis species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides ndongoniae species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides ndongoniae species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides nordii species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides nordii species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides oleiciplenus species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides oleiciplenus species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides ovatus species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides ovatus species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides propionicifaciens species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides propionicifaciens species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides pyogenes species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides pyogenes species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides reticulotermitis species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides reticulotermitis species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides rodentium species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides rodentium species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides salyersiae species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides salyersiae species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides sp species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides sp species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides sp. C13EG172 species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides sp. C13EG172 species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides stercorirosoris species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides stercorirosoris species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides stercoris species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides stercoris species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides timonensis species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides timonensis species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides uniformis species Decreases 👶 Source Study Infectious bacteria
Bacteroides uniformis species Decreases 👶 Source Study Infectious bacteria
Bacteroides xylanisolvens species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides xylanisolvens species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides zhangwenhongii species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides zhangwenhongii species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides zoogleoformans species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bacteroides zoogleoformans species Decreases 👶 Source Study
Paraprevotella clara species Decreases ⚗️ Source Study
Slackia sp. NATTS species Decreases ⚗️ Source Study
Pseudoflavonifractor capillosus species Decreases ⚗️ Source Study
[Collinsella] massiliensis species Decreases ⚗️ Source Study
Parvibacter caecicola species Decreases ⚗️ Source Study
Segatella copri species Decreases 📓 Source Study Over 70%ile Indicator of mycotoxin present
Akkermansia muciniphila species Decreases 📓 Source Study
Parabacteroides merdae species Decreases 📓 Source Study Infectious bacteria
[Eubacterium] cellulosolvens species Increases 👶 Source Study
ATCC 15434 species Increases 👶 Source Study
ATCC 15434 species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium actinocoloniiforme species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium actinocoloniiforme species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium actinocoloniiforme species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium adolescentis species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium adolescentis species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium adolescentis species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium aesculapii species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium aesculapii species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium aesculapii species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium angulatum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium angulatum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium angulatum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium animalis species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium animalis species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium animalis species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium asteroides species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium asteroides species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium asteroides species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium avesanii species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium avesanii species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium avesanii species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium biavatii species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium biavatii species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium biavatii species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium bifidum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium bifidum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium bifidum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium bohemicum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium bohemicum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium bohemicum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium bombi species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium bombi species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium bombi species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium boum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium boum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium boum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium breve species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium breve species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium breve species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium callitrichidarum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium callitrichidarum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium callitrichidarum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium callitrichos species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium callitrichos species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium callitrichos species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium catenulatum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium catenulatum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium catenulatum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium choerinum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium choerinum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium choerinum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium commune species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium commune species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium commune species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium coryneforme species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium coryneforme species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium coryneforme species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium cuniculi species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium cuniculi species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium cuniculi species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium dentium species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium dentium species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium dentium species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium eulemuris species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium eulemuris species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium eulemuris species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium faecale species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium faecale species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium faecale species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium gallicum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium gallicum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium gallicum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium imperatoris species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium imperatoris species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium imperatoris species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium indicum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium indicum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium indicum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium lemurum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium lemurum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium lemurum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium longum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium longum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium magnum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium magnum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium magnum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium merycicum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium merycicum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium merycicum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium minimum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium minimum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium minimum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium mongoliense species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium mongoliense species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium mongoliense species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium moukalabense species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium moukalabense species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium moukalabense species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium myosotis species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium myosotis species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium myosotis species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium porcinum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium porcinum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium porcinum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium pseudolongum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium pseudolongum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium pseudolongum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium psychraerophilum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium psychraerophilum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium psychraerophilum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium pullorum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium pullorum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium pullorum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium reuteri species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium reuteri species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium reuteri species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium ruminantium species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium ruminantium species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium ruminantium species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium saguini species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium saguini species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium saguini species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium scardovii species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium scardovii species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium scardovii species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium simiae species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium simiae species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium simiae species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium stellenboschense species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium stellenboschense species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium stellenboschense species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium stercoris species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium stercoris species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium stercoris species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium subtile species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium subtile species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium subtile species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium thermacidophilum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium thermacidophilum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium thermacidophilum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium thermophilum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium thermophilum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium thermophilum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium tissieri species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium tissieri species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium tissieri species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium tsurumiense species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium tsurumiense species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium tsurumiense species Increases 👶 Source Study
Eubacterium barkeri species Increases 👶 Source Study
Eubacterium callanderi species Increases 👶 Source Study
Eubacterium coprostanoligenes species Increases 👶 Source Study
Eubacterium limosum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Eubacterium maltosivorans species Increases 👶 Source Study
Eubacterium multiforme species Increases 👶 Source Study
Eubacterium oxidoreducens species Increases 👶 Source Study
Eubacterium plexicaudatum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Eubacterium pyruvativorans species Increases 👶 Source Study
Eubacterium ramulus species Increases 👶 Source Study
Eubacterium rangiferina species Increases 👶 Source Study
Eubacterium ruminantium species Increases 👶 Source Study
Eubacterium segne species Increases 👶 Source Study
Eubacterium uniforme species Increases 👶 Source Study
Eubacterium ventriosum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Eubacterium xylanophilum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Faecalibacterium duncaniae species Increases 👶 Source Study
Faecalibacterium hominis (ex Afrizal et al. 2022) species Increases 👶 Source Study
Faecalibacterium longum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Faecalibacterium prausnitzii species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus acetotolerans species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus acetotolerans species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus acidophilus species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus acidophilus species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus alvei species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus alvei species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus amylolyticus species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus amylolyticus species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus amylovorus species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus amylovorus species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus animata species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus animata species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus apis species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus apis species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus bombicola species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus bombicola species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus brevisimilis species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus brevisimilis species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus crispatus species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus crispatus species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus delbrueckii species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus delbrueckii species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus equicursoris species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus equicursoris species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus faeni species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus faeni species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus fornicalis species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus fornicalis species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus gallinarum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus gallinarum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus gasseri species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus gasseri species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus gigeriorum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus gigeriorum species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus guizhouensis species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus guizhouensis species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus hamsteri species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus hamsteri species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus helsingborgensis species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus helsingborgensis species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus helveticus species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus helveticus species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus hominis species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus hominis species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus iners species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus iners species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus intermedius species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus intermedius species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus intestinalis species Increases 👶 Source Study depression, anhedonia
Lactobacillus intestinalis species Increases 👶 Source Study depression, anhedonia
Lactobacillus japonicus species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus japonicus species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus jensenii species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus jensenii species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus johnsonii species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus johnsonii species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus kalixensis species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus kalixensis species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus kitasatonis species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus kitasatonis species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus kullabergensis species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus kullabergensis species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus leichmannii species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus leichmannii species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus letivazi species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus letivazi species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus panisapium species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus panisapium species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus paragasseri species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus paragasseri species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus pasteurii species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus pasteurii species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus psittaci species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus psittaci species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus rodentium species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus rodentium species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus rogosae species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus rogosae species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus selangorensis species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus selangorensis species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus sp. 7_1_47FAA species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus sp. 7_1_47FAA species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus sp. MYMRS/TEN2 species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus sp. MYMRS/TEN2 species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus taiwanensis species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus taiwanensis species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus terrae species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus terrae species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus ultunensis species Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus ultunensis species Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium longum species Increases 📓 Source Study
Lactobacillus casei group species group Increases 👶 Source Study
Lactobacillus casei group species group Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium longum AGR2137 strain Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium longum D2957 strain Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium longum DJO10A strain Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium longum NCC2705 strain Increases 👶 Source Study
Coriobacterineae suborder Decreases ⚗️ Source Study
Fusobacterium nucleatum subsp. nucleatum subspecies Decreases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium longum subsp. infantis subspecies Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium longum subsp. longum subspecies Increases 👶 Source Study
Bifidobacterium longum subsp. suillum subspecies Increases 👶 Source Study
Chlamydiae/Verrucomicrobia group superphylum Decreases ⚗️ Source Study

Impact of acarbose,(prescription) on Conditions from US National Library of Medicine

A higher number indicates impact on more bacteria associated with the condition and confidence on the impact.

We have X bacteria high and Y low reported. We find that the modifier reduces some and increases other of these two groups. We just tally: X|reduces + Y|Increase = Positive   X|increases + Y|decrease = Negative.

Benefit Ratio:
Numbers above 0 have increasing positive effect.
Numbers below 0 have increasing negative effect.

Condition Positive Impact Negative Impact Benefit Ratio Impact
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm 0.1 0.1
Acne 1.2 1.2
ADHD 3.1 1.7 0.82
Age-Related Macular Degeneration and Glaucoma 0.9 0.2 3.5
Allergic Rhinitis (Hay Fever) 4.1 4.1
Allergies 3 2.2 0.36
Allergy to milk products 2.5 1.1 1.27
Alopecia (Hair Loss) 0.2 0.2
Alzheimer's disease 4.7 6.7 -0.43
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) Motor Neuron 1.5 1.8 -0.2
Ankylosing spondylitis 2.5 2.3 0.09
Anorexia Nervosa 0.6 2 -2.33
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) 2 0.1 19
Asthma 2.1 1.9 0.11
Atherosclerosis 1.7 3.7 -1.18
Atrial fibrillation 2.8 2.2 0.27
Autism 8.7 7.6 0.14
Barrett esophagus cancer 0.2 0.2 0
benign prostatic hyperplasia 0.5 0.5
Bipolar Disorder 1.6 1.6 0
Brain Trauma 2 1.8 0.11
Carcinoma 2.4 1.8 0.33
Celiac Disease 4.2 1.6 1.63
Cerebral Palsy 1.3 1.6 -0.23
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome 5.2 3.1 0.68
Chronic Kidney Disease 2.1 1.7 0.24
Chronic Lyme 0.9 -0.9
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) 1.7 0.7 1.43
Chronic Urticaria (Hives) 2.1 0.5 3.2
Coagulation / Micro clot triggering bacteria 1.4 0.8 0.75
Colorectal Cancer 4.7 2.4 0.96
Constipation 2.7 0.9 2
Coronary artery disease 2.1 0.3 6
COVID-19 7.6 10.3 -0.36
Crohn's Disease 7.8 5.6 0.39
cystic fibrosis 2.1 0.9 1.33
deep vein thrombosis 1.2 0.8 0.5
Depression 7.7 9.6 -0.25
Dermatomyositis 0.8 0.8
Eczema 3.1 2.3 0.35
Endometriosis 2.5 1.6 0.56
Eosinophilic Esophagitis 0.2 0.2
Epilepsy 3.3 1.7 0.94
erectile dysfunction 0.3 0.3
Fibromyalgia 2.9 2 0.45
Functional constipation / chronic idiopathic constipation 6.6 4.3 0.53
gallstone disease (gsd) 2.6 0.9 1.89
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (Gerd) including Barrett's esophagus 2 0.2 9
Generalized anxiety disorder 2.6 1.3 1
giant cell arteritis 0.5 -0.5
Glioblastoma 0.9 0.8 0.13
Gout 0.3 0.3 0
Graves' disease 0.5 1.6 -2.2
Halitosis 0.7 0.8 -0.14
Hashimoto's thyroiditis 2.4 1.2 1
Hidradenitis Suppurativa 0.5 0.5
Histamine Issues,Mast Cell Issue, DAO Insufficiency 2.6 2.1 0.24
hypercholesterolemia (High Cholesterol) 1.1 0 0
hyperglycemia 1.6 1.1 0.45
Hyperlipidemia (High Blood Fats) 0.9 0.6 0.5
hypersomnia 0.1 -0.1
hypertension (High Blood Pressure 3.9 3.8 0.03
Hypothyroidism 1.5 0.6 1.5
Hypoxia 0.5 0.6 -0.2
IgA nephropathy (IgAN) 1.4 2.9 -1.07
Inflammatory Bowel Disease 6.5 6.9 -0.06
Insomnia 1.6 1.9 -0.19
Intelligence 1.4 0.3 3.67
Intracranial aneurysms 2.4 0.3 7
Irritable Bowel Syndrome 5.6 4.6 0.22
Liver Cirrhosis 4.9 4.6 0.07
Long COVID 9.1 6.7 0.36
Low bone mineral density 0.7 0.9 -0.29
Lung Cancer 0.8 0.2 3
ME/CFS with IBS 2.1 1 1.1
ME/CFS without IBS 2.3 0.5 3.6
Menopause 0.4 0.5 -0.25
Metabolic Syndrome 9 7.4 0.22
Mood Disorders 9.6 10 -0.04
multiple chemical sensitivity [MCS] 0.8 0.6 0.33
Multiple Sclerosis 2.7 6.2 -1.3
Multiple system atrophy (MSA) 1.5 0.8 0.88
Neuropathy (all types) 0.2 0.8 -3
neuropsychiatric disorders (PANDAS, PANS) 1.3 1.3
Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (nafld) Nonalcoholic 3.6 2.2 0.64
NonCeliac Gluten Sensitivity 0.6 0.6
Obesity 6.5 3.5 0.86
obsessive-compulsive disorder 6.3 3 1.1
Osteoarthritis 3.2 0.2 15
Osteoporosis 1.9 1.7 0.12
pancreatic cancer 0.2 0.3 -0.5
Parkinson's Disease 3.5 5.3 -0.51
Polycystic ovary syndrome 3.5 2 0.75
Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome 1.1 0.3 2.67
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder 0.6 -0.6
primary biliary cholangitis 0.3 0.4 -0.33
Psoriasis 1.7 3 -0.76
rheumatoid arthritis (RA),Spondyloarthritis (SpA) 6.3 5.2 0.21
Rosacea 0.8 1.5 -0.88
Schizophrenia 4.5 3.9 0.15
scoliosis 0.3 0.8 -1.67
Sjögren syndrome 2 2.4 -0.2
Sleep Apnea 1.4 2.1 -0.5
Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth (SIBO) 1.1 0.3 2.67
Stress / posttraumatic stress disorder 3.4 2.6 0.31
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus 5.1 1.8 1.83
Tic Disorder 1.8 0.9 1
Tourette syndrome 0.9 0.5 0.8
Type 1 Diabetes 5.1 2.1 1.43
Type 2 Diabetes 8.4 7.5 0.12
Ulcerative colitis 3.6 5.6 -0.56
Unhealthy Ageing 5.3 2.3 1.3

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